Phototherapy (light treatment) is the process of using light to eliminate bilirubin in the blood. … These light waves are absorbed by your baby’s skin and blood and change bilirubin into products, which can pass through their system.
Neontal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia) occurs in at least 60% of term infants. If untreated, it can cause irreversible brain damage.
Pics. of LED Phototherapy are :
The device emits light through an array of high-powered light emitting diodes (LEDs). These LEDs have been specifically selected to emit a narrow wavelength of blue light (dominant wavelength 458nm) that maximises the rate of bilirubin breakdown. The arrangement of the LEDs along with the optics have been designed to provide uniformity of light on the patient, while minimizing unwanted spill and glare outside the treatment surface. The device provides the ability to cater the treatment to the patient by allowing the caregiver to choose a high intensity (45μw/nm/ cm^2) or low intensity (22 μw/nm/cm^2) setting.
Something about me ( Vin )
I worked as a Senior Service Engineer and consultant for OR, ICU & NICU designing.
Worked as a Sales Manger GE Healthcare.Specialist in Critical Care Equipments.
Sleepiness is the desire to fall asleep. It is sometimes referred to as drowsiness and typically increases the longer we stay awake.
Conditions That Can Cause Sleepiness.
Not getting enough sleep — sometimes by choice — is the most common cause of excessive sleepiness. Working at night and sleeping during the day is another. Other causes include drug, alcohol, or cigarette use, lack of physical activity, obesity, and the use of certain medications.
What causes excessive daytime sleepiness?
The most common causes of excessive daytime sleepiness are sleep deprivation, obstructive sleep apnea, and sedating medications. Other potential causes of excessive daytime sleepiness include certain medical and psychiatric conditions and sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy.
If you have worked with a sleep specialist and tried behavioral changes to improve sleep, medication may be an option. Modafinil (Provigil) and armodafinil (Nuvigil) are possible medications to treat excessive sleepiness.